Geophysical Surveying is an Integral Geophysical Surveying is an Integral Part of Mineral Exploration and Will Continue to Grow to meet the increased demand

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The Demand for Geophysical Surveys;
 
geophysical surveyingGreater global demand for minerals is leading to an increased demand for mineral exploration and in turn geophysical surveying. Airborne geophysical surveying, in particular magnetics and radiometrics have become the leading technique to initiate the mineral exploration process, by acquiring data from the air. This has proved to be very economic and efficient.
 
Airborne survey data can be modeled into a wide variety of detailed geophysical map products which are used to identify and model geophysical anomalies for further exploration. Airborne Geophysical surveying has become the primary tool in the initial mineral exploration process as the data provides key insight into where to in-depth exploration is further justified.
 
Geophysical surveys can be conducted via the following methods:
  • Airborne (typically large and remote areas)
  • Ground (property sized claim areas, close to road access)
  • Marine (offshore, regional grids)
These methods require different equipment and applied technologies in order to produce accurate and repeatable results. Airborne surveys are key as they allow for the most economical and efficient mapping of large areas. Single engine aircraft can economically fly small to large mineral surveys over land, while twin engine aircraft have proven to be an invaluable in determining oil and gas deposits offshore, or in over-land surveys with long ferry legs to the closest airport. Helicopters are used to achieve very low survey altitude or in mountainous terrains requiring high gradient climb ability. Marine surveys have proven to be an invaluable for determining oil and gas deposits in areas of the ocean that are beyond the economical limit of aircraft.
 
Geophysical Survey Technology
 
There are a wide variety of different geophysical technologies that can performed by airborne means. These technologies are all proven, repeatable acquisition methods for acquiring data from an airborne geophysical survey platform. Some of the more prevalent technologies used in geophysical surveying include:
  • Magnetics ( Single Senor and Horizontal gradiometer)
  • Electromagnetics
  • Radiometrics
  • VLF-EM
  • Gravity
Terraquest typically collects magnetic, radiometric and XDS VLF-EM survey data on any given flight, however other technologies such as gravity, seep finder and electromagnetic can be acquired upon request. Each technology requires unique specialized instruments as well different survey characteristics to acquire precision data. Survey factors which vary for each technology include;
  • the type of terrain in the grid,
  • survey altitude,
  • aircraft speed,
  • and the distance between grid lines,
  • wind and diurnal are also factors which must be considered and monitored throughout each flight.
Airborne survey aircraft are generally restricted by the weight of the instruments that can be carried safely onboard the aircraft. Further, the equipment must be complimentary to each other in that they must share similar acquisition parameters as listed above.
 
The Industries that Drive Geophysical Surveying
 
Due to the increased activity in the mining industry and a significant increase in the amount of funding made available for the mineral exploration industry, the geophysical surveying industry is also growing steadily.
 
Oil companies are constantly on the lookout for the next big deposit of hydrocarbons and fossil fuels to capitalize on skyrocketing consumer demand. Oil companies are amongst the richest companies in the world and provide substantial funding to the geophysical surveying industry.
 
Geophysical surveying is also frequently used by Junior exploration companies who are developing mineral evaluations of property sized exploration projects with the intention of selling their property to major mining corporations.
 
With many prominent industries finding important uses for geophysical surveying it stands to reason that this industry will continue to grow and prosper at a steady pace.
 
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