Geophysical Exploration – Geophysical Exploration is a Highly Depended Upon Procedure in Mineral Prospecting and Acquiring Data for Map Production

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Geophysical Exploration Geophysical exploration is a means of sourcing out high concentrations of various minerals and commodities under the Earth's surface by employing surveying methods, such as electromagnetic surveys and magnetic surveys. Geophysical exploration can be conducted on the ground or by air and can detect a variety of different magnetic minable ores such as kimberlites and magnetic iron ores.
Geophysical exploration can also aid in uncovering underground reservoirs, hydrocarbon, base and precious metals and uranium. Petroleum and coal are also commonly sourced out using geophysical exploration. Airborne geophysical surveys are useful in acquiring data for geophysical mapping.
Airborne magnetic surveys are the most commonly used method of geophysical exploration. Depending on the altitude of the flight, airborne magnetic surveys are categorized as either regional or detailed. Regional surveys cover vast spaces of up to 5000 square kilometers and a traverse line spacing of over 250 meters. It is these surveys that are used to gather data for mapping, as well as for uncovering concentrations of petroleum and coal.
Airborne magnetic surveys work by detecting the ambient magnetic fields, indicating where there are high and low concentrations of minable magnetic ores. Electromagnetic surveys are employed in areas that are covered with bedrock, groundwater or clay as these factors can disrupt magnetic fields.
Both airborne magnetic and airborne electromagnetic (AEM) surveys are used by mining companies as a means of mineral prospecting, leading to mineral exploration.
Using a fixed wing horizontal gradiometer, it is possible to survey the horizontal gradient of the Earth, detecting minable magnetic ores that are close to its surface.
Detailed surveys will benefit from using a fixed wing horizontal gradiometer, as they are capable of identifying the following:
  • Magnetic axis within magnetic units
  • The location of small anomalies
  • Can discriminate between cultural and geological sources
  • Can identify the dip of magnetic units
By using an aircraft that has been specifically modified for the purpose of geological surveying, it is possible to achieve more efficient and accurate results.
A specially modified aircraft combined with the use of an advanced data acquisition system ensures that a geophysical exploration will be successful in its purpose. The more sophisticated the data acquisition system, the more reliable the data. Accuracy and precision in data are the most important factors in geophysical exploration as many instigate mining exploration programs such as drilling. If the information acquired during a survey is incorrect, it may commence a costly mineral exploration that will not render estimated quantities of minable commodities.
Mining companies and governments are wise to source out professional geophysical consultants who will have access to the most advanced geophysical exploration tools. By employing the use of specialized aircrafts and up-to-date data acquisition systems, along with a capable and experienced consultant who will analyze important data accordingly, chances of a successful geophysical exploration are increased.
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